# UNSTEADY MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC THERMAL AND DIFFUSION BOUNDARY LAYER FROM A HORIZONTAL CIRCULAR CYLINDER

## Main Article Content

## Abstract

The unsteady 2-D dynamic, thermal, and diffusion magnetohydrodynamic laminar boundary layer flow over a horizontal cylinder of incompressible and electrical conductivity fluid, in mixed convection in the presence of heat source or sink and chemical reactions. The present magnetic field is homogenous and perpendicular to the body surface. It is assumed that induction of outer magnetic field is a function of longitudinal co-ordinate outer electric field is neglected and magnetic Reynolds number is significantly lower than one, i. e. considered the problem is in approximation without induction. Fluid electrical conductivity is constant. Free stream velocity, temperature, and concentration on the body are functions of longitudinal co-ordinate. The developed governing boundary layer equations and associated boundary conditions are made dimensionless using a suitable similarity transformation and similarity parameters. System of non-dimensionless equations is solved using the implicit finite difference threediagonal and iteration method. Numerical results are obtained and presented for different Prandtl, Eckart, and Schmidt numbers, and values: magnetic parameter, temperature, and diffusion parameters, buoyancy temperature parameters, thermal parameter, and chemical reaction parameter. Variation of velocity profiles, temperature and diffusion distributions, and many integral and differential characteristics, boundary layer, are evaluated numerically for different values of the magnetic field. Transient effects of velocity, temperature and diffusion are analyzed. A part of obtained results is given in the form of figures and corresponding conclusions.

## Article Details

**Thermal Science**, [S.l.], v. 20, p. S1367-S1380, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7163. Available at: <http://thermal-science.tech/journal/index.php/thsci/article/view/1656>. Date accessed: 29 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S5367B.

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Accepted 2017-02-07

Published 2017-02-07

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