# UNSTEADY MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MIXED CONVECTION FLOW WITH HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER OVER A HORIZONTAL CIRCULAR CYLINDER EMBEDDED IN A POROUS MEDIUM

## Main Article Content

## Abstract

The objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of flow parameters on the mixed convection heat and mass transfer of an unsteady magnetohydrodynamic flow of an electrically conducting, viscous, and incompressible fluid over a horizontal circular cylinder embedded in porous medium, considering effects of chemical reaction and heat source/sink, by taking into account viscous dissipation. The present magnetic field is homogenous and perpendicular to the body surface. Magnetic Reynolds number is significantly lower than one i. e. considered the problem is in approximation without induction. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations and associated boundary conditions are made dimensionless using a suitable similarity transformation and similarity parameters. System of non-dimensionless equations are solved numerically by implicit finite difference three-diagonal and iteration method. Numerical results obtained for different values of porous medium, magnetic, diffusion and temperature parameters, buoyancy diffusion parameter and thermal parameter and for different values Prandtl, Echart, and Schmidt numbers. Variation of velocity, temperature and concentration and many integral and differential characteristics boundary layer are discussed and shown graphically.

## Article Details

**Thermal Science**, [S.l.], v. 20, p. S1381-S1390, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7163. Available at: <http://thermal-science.tech/journal/index.php/thsci/article/view/1657>. Date accessed: 27 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S5381B.

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Accepted 2017-02-07

Published 2017-02-07

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