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Performance characteristics of fans are generally provided for the normal temperature and pressure conditions (tI = 20 °C, pI = 101.325 kPa, rI = 1.2 kg/m3). Very often, fans operate in different air conditions, occasionally at different air temperatures. In these cases, equations obtained by the law of similarity are usually used for recalculation of the fan operating parameters. Increasing the inlet air temperature causes a decrease in the characteristic of Reynolds number, and may lead to efficiency lowering of the fan. There are also some empirical formulas for recalculation of fan efficiency, when operating at different air temperatures. In this paper, the common way for obtaining fan performance for different operating conditions (air temperature changing) is presented. The results, obtained by recalculation of fan parameters using a law of similarity, are compared to numerical simulation results of the axial-flow fan operating with different air temperatures. These results are compared with results obtained by some recommended empirical formulas, as well. This paperwork is limited to low-pressure and mid-pressure fans, which represents the majority of all fans used in practice, for different purposes.
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