Main Article Content

Milada L. PEZO Vukman V. BAKIĆ Zoran J. MARKOVIĆ


The behavior of the mast is non-linear due to its slenderness and compliant guy-support system, having a tendency to lose stability and even crush suddenly. Wind load is one of the main factors affecting the stability of the structure of the mast. Structural assessment of the different mast configurations has been investigated in the past. Furthermore, European standards EN 1993-3-1:2006 and EN 1993-1-6:2007 already provides some guidelines about the basis of structural analysis of masts and towers. This paper presents the results of numerical simulations of a guyed mast exposed to wind action using finite element method. Structural analyses were performed for three different constant wind loads, modal analysis provides the values of natural frequency and mode shapes, while the stability analysis was performed for the first three buckling load factor values. The motivation for this study is to investigate the contribution of finite element method to structural analysis of a lattice structure such as guyed mast as an alternative and/or improvement to the literature and codes.

Article Details

How to Cite
PEZO, Milada L.; BAKIĆ, Vukman V.; MARKOVIĆ, Zoran J.. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF GUYED MAST EXPOSED TO WIND ACTION. Thermal Science, [S.l.], v. 20, p. S1473-S1483, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7163. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 aug. 2017. doi:
Received 2017-02-07
Accepted 2017-02-07
Published 2017-02-07


[1] ***, EN 1993-3-1:2006, Eurocode 3 – Design of steel structures – Part 3-1: Towers, masts and chimneys
[2] ***, EN 1993-1-6:2007, Eurocode 3 – Design of steel structures – Part 1-6: Strength and Stability of Shell Structures
[3] Bazeos, N., et al., Static, Seismic and Stability Analyses of a Prototype Wind Turbine Steel Tower, Engineering Structures, 24 (2002), 8, pp. 1015-1025
[4] Harikrishna, P., et al., Full Scale Measurements of the Structural Response of a 50 m Guyed Mast under Wind Loading, Engineering Structures, 25 (2003), 7, pp. 859-867
[5] Gioffre, M., et al., Removable Guyed Mast for Mobile Phone Networks: Wind Load Modeling and Structural Response, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 92 (2004), 6, pp. 463- 475
[6] Bisht, R. S., Jain, A. K., Wind and Wave Induced Behavior of Offshore Guyed Tower Platforms, Ocean Engineering, 25 (1998), 7, pp. 501-519
[7] Ben Kahla, N., Dynamic Analysis of Guyed Towers, Engineering Structures, 16 (1994), 4, pp. 293-301
[8] Ben Kahla, N., Nonlinear Dynamic Response of a Guyed Tower to a Sudden Guy Rupture, Engineering Structures, 19 (1997), 11, pp. 879-890
[9] Law, S. S., et al., Time-Varying Wind Load Identification from Structural Responses, Engineering Structures, 27 (2005), 10, pp. 1586-1598
[10] Wahba, Y. M. F., et al., Evaluation of Non-Linear Analysis of Guyed Antenna Towers, Computers and Structures, 68 (1998), 1, pp. 207-212
[11] Saudi, G., Structural Assessment of a Guyed Mast Through Measurement of Natural frequencies, Engineering Structures, 59 (2014), Feb., pp. 104-112
[12] Battista, R. C. et al., Dynamic Behavior and Stability of Transmission Line Towers under Wind Forces, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 91 (2003), 8, pp. 1051-1067
[13] Yan-Li, H., et al., Nonlinear Discrete Analysis Method for Random Vibration of Guyed Masts under Wind Load, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 91 (2003), 4, pp. 513-525
[14] da Silva, J. G. S., et al., Structural Assessment of Current Steel Design Models for Transmission and Telecommunication Towers, Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 61 (2005), 8, pp. 1108-1134
[15] Gantes, C., et al., Modeling, Loading, and Preliminary Design Considerations for Tall Guyed Towers, Computers & Structures, 49 (1993), 5, pp. 797-805
[16] Irvine, H. M., Cable Structures, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 1981
[17] Hobbs, R. E., Raoof, M., Behaviour of Cables under Dynamic or Repeated Loading, J. Construct. Steel Res., 39 (1996), 1, pp. 31-50
[18] Desai, Y. M., Punde, S., Simple Model for Dynamic Analysis of Cable Supported Structures, Engineering Structures, 23 (2001), 3, pp. 271-279
[19] Salehi, A. A. M., et al., Nonlinear Analysis of Cable Structures under General Loadings, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 73 (2013), Oct., pp. 11-19
[20] Timoshenko, S. P., On the Correction Factor for Shear of the Differential Equation for Transverse Vibrations of Bars of Uniform Cross-Section, Philosophical Magazine, 41 (1921), pp. 744-746
[21] Jayaraman, H. B., Knudsen, W. C., Curved Element for the Analysis of Cable Structures, Computers & Structures, 14 (1981), 3-4, pp. 325-333
[22] Leonard, J. W., Nath, J. H., Comparison of Finite Element and Lumped Parameter Methods for Oceanic Cables, Eng. Struct., 3 (1981), 3, pp. 153-167
[23] Macdonald, J. H. G., et al., Generalised Modal Stability of Inclined Cables Subjected to Support Excitations, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 329 (2010), 21, pp. 4515-4533
[24] Fu, J. Y., et al., Full-Scale Measurements of Wind Effects on Guangzhou West Tower, Engineering Structures, 35 (2012), Feb., pp. 120-139
[25] Davenport, A. G., Sparling, B. F., Dynamic Gust Response Factors for Guyed Towers, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 43 (1992), 1, pp. 2237-2248
[26] Hansen, S. O., Krenk, S., Dynamic Along-Wind Response of Simple Structures, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 82 (1999), 1, pp. 147-171
[27] Venanzi, I., et al., Robust and Reliable Optimization of Wind-Excited Cable-Stayed Masts, Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, 147 (2015), Dec., pp. 368-379
[28] Hamada, A., El Damatty, A. A., Behaviour of Guyed Transmission Line Structures under Tornado Wind Loading, Computers and Structures, 89 (2011), 11, pp. 986-1003
[29] Pezo, M., Bakić, V., Numerical Determination of Drag Coefficient for Guyed Mast Exposed to Wind Action, Engineering Structures, 62-63 (2014), March, pp. 98-104
[30] Balczo, M., et al., Prediction of Wind Load Acting on Telecommunication Masts, Proceedings, IABSE 2006 Annual Meetings and Symposium, Budapest, Hungary, 2006
[31] Rajakumar, C., Rogers, C. R., The Lanczos Algorithm Applied to Unsymmetric Generalized Eigenvalue Problem, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 32 (1992), 5, pp. 1009-1026
[32] Holmes, J. D., Recent Developments in the Specification of Wind Loads on Transmission Lines, Journal of Wind and Engineering, 5 (2008), 1, pp. 8-18
[33] ***, EN 1993-1-1 (2005): Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-1: General rules
[34] ***, EN 1993-1-8 (2005): Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures – Part 1-8: Design of joints
[35] ***, EN 1991-1-4 (2005): Eurocode 1: Actions on structures – Part 1-4: General actions – Wind actions
[36] Belevičius, R., et al., Optimization of Tall Guyed Masts Using Genetic algorithms, Engineering Structures, 56 (2013), Nov., pp. 239-245