Main Article Content



Multi-dimensional numerical simulation of the atmospheric saturated pool boiling is performed. The applied modelling and numerical methods enable a full representation of the liquid and vapour two-phase mixture behaviour on the heated surface, with included prediction of the swell level and heated wall temperature field. In this way the integral behaviour of nucleate pool boiling is simulated. The micro conditions of bubble generation at the heated wall surface are modelled by the bubble nucleation site density, the liquid wetting contact angle and the bubble grow time. The bubble nucleation sites are randomly located within zones of equal size, where the number of zones equals the nucleation site density. The conjugate heat transfer from the heated wall to the liquid is taken into account in wetted heated wall areas around bubble nucleation sites. The boiling curve relation between the heat flux and the heated wall surface temperature in excess of the saturation temperature is predicted for the pool boiling conditions reported in the literature and a good agreement is achieved with experimentally measured data. The influence of the nucleation site density on the boiling curve characteristic is confirmed. In addition, the influence of the heat flux intensity on the spatial effects of vapour generation and two-phase flow are shown, such as the increase of the swell level position and the reduced wetting of the heated wall surface by the heat flux increase.

Article Details

How to Cite
STOJANOVIĆ, Andrijana D. et al. NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF NUCLEATE POOL BOILING HEAT TRANSFER. Thermal Science, [S.l.], v. 20, p. S1301-S1312, feb. 2017. ISSN 2334-7163. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2017. doi:
Received 2017-02-07
Accepted 2017-02-07
Published 2017-02-07


[1] Zhang, B. J., Kim, K. J., Nucleate Pool Boiling Heat Transfer Augmentation on Hydrophobic Self- Assembly Mono-Layered Aluminia Nano-Porous Surfaces, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 73 (2014), June, pp. 551-561
[2] Xu, P., et al., Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer on Composite Porous Surface, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 80 (2015), Jan., pp. 107-114
[3] Sanna, A., et al., Numerical Investigation of Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer on Thin Substrates, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 76 (2014), Sep., pp. 45-64
[4] Stojanovic, A., et al., Review of Heat Transfer Mechanisms in Pool Boiling, Proceedings, Int. Conf. Power Plants, Zlatibor, Serbia, 2014, pp. 729-743
[5] Kim, J., Review of Nucleate Pool Boiling Bubble Heat Transfer Mechanisms, Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 35 (2009), 12, pp. 1067-1076
[6] Rohsenow, W. M., A Method of Correlating Heat Transfer Data for Surface Boiling of Liquids, Trans. ASME 4 (1952), 7, pp. 969-975
[7] Forster, H. K., Greif, R., Heat Transfer to a Boiling Liquid – Mechanisms and Correlations, J. Heat Transfer 81 (1959), 2, pp. 45
[8] Zuber, N., Nucleate Boiling the Region of Isolated Bubbles and the Similarity with Natural Convection, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 6 (1963), 7, pp. 53-78
[9] Tien, C. L., A Hydrodynamic Model for Nucleate Pool Boiling, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 5 (1962), 3, pp. 533-540
[10] Stephan, P., Kern, J., Evaluation of Heat and Mass Transfer Phenomena in Nucleate Boiling, Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 25 (2004), 2, pp. 140-148
[11] Wayner, P. C., et al., The Interline Heat Transfer Coefficient on an Evaporating Wetting Film, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 19, (1976), 5, pp. 487-492
[12] Mitrovic, J., The Flow and Heat Transfer in the Wedge-Shaped Liquid Film Formed during the Growth of a Vapour Bubble, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 41 (1998), 12, pp. 1771-1785
[13] Theofanous, T. G., et al., The Boiling Crises Phenomenon, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 26 (2002), 6-7, pp. 775-792
[14] Nishikawa, K., et al., Effect of Surface Configuration on Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 27 (1984), 9, pp. 1559-1571
[15] Pezo, M., Stevanovic, V., Numerical Prediction of Critical Heat Flux in Pool Boiling with the Two-Fluid Model, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 54 (2011), 15-16, pp. 3296-3303
[16] Pezo, M., Stevanovic, V., Numerical Prediction of Nucleate Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient under High Heat Fluxes, Thermal Science 20 (2016), Suppl. 1, pp. S113-S123
[17] Jacob, M., Linke, W., Heat Transfer by Liquid Evaporation on Vertical and Horizontal Surfaces (in German), Phys. Z, 8 (1935), 6, pp. 267-280
[18] Isachenko, V. P., et al., Heat Transfer, Mir Publisher, Moscow, 1980
[19] Fritz, W., Calculation of Maximal Bubble Volume (in German), Physikalische Zeitschrift, 36 (1935), 8, pp. 379-384
[20] Sakashita, H., Kumada, T., Method for Predicting Curves of Saturated Nucleate Boiling, Int J. Heat Mass Transfer, 44 (2001), 3, pp. 673-682
[21] Ishii, M., Two-Fluid Model for Two-Phase Flow, 2nd Int. Workshop on Two-Phase Flow Fundamentals, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, N. Y., USA, 1987
[22] Rousseau, J. C., Houdayer, G., Advanced Safety Code CATHARE Summary of Verification Studies on Separate Effects Experiments, Proceedings, 2nd International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics 2, Santa Barbara, Cal., USA, 1983
[23] Patankar, S., Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere Publ. Co., New York, USA, 1980