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The Thermal Fatigue (TF) and Pressurized Thermal Shock (PTS) phenomena are the main problems for the Reactor Pressure Vessel (RPV) and the T-junctions both of them depend on the mixing of the coolant. The mixing process, flow and temperature distribution has been investigated experimentally using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) and simulated by CFD tools. The obtained results showed that the ratio of flow rate between the main pipe and the branch pipe has a big influence on the mixing process. The PIV/PLIF measurements technologies proved to be suitable for the investigation of turbulent mixing in the complicated flow system: both velocity and temperature distribution are important parameters in the determination of TF and PST. Results of the applied these techniques showed that both of them can be used as a good provider for data base and to validate CFD results.
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