Main Article Content

Bhisham Kumar DHURANDHER Ravi KUMAR Amit Kumar DHIMAN


An experimental investigation on burning behavior of fire in closed compartments is presented. Fire experiments were performed in a closed compartment of interior dimensions 4 × 4 × 4 m (length × width × height) with ply board cribs as fire source. The parameters including the gas temperature, mass loss rate, heat flux, flame temperature and compartment pressure were measured during the experiments. Experimental results indicated that the providing sudden ventilation to the closed compartment had great influence on the behavior of fire. The mass loss rate of the burning crib increased by 150 % due to sudden ventilation which results in the increase in heat release rate by 198 kW. From the perspective of total heat flux, compartment pressure and gas temperatures closed compartment with sudden ventilation were more hazardous.

Article Details

How to Cite
DHURANDHER, Bhisham Kumar; KUMAR, Ravi; DHIMAN, Amit Kumar. A EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON CRIB FIRES IN A CLOSED COMPARTMENT. Thermal Science, [S.l.], mar. 2017. ISSN 2334-7163. Available at: <http://thermal-science.tech/journal/index.php/thsci/article/view/2104>. Date accessed: 24 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI141206156D.
Received 2017-03-02
Accepted 2017-03-13
Published 2017-03-13


[1] Nikitin, Y.V., Indirect Method of Estimating a Fire Pool Area in a Closed Compartment, Journal of Fire Science, 17 (1999), 1, pp. 57–70
[2] Tatem, P.A., et al., Influence of Complete Enclosure on Liquid Pool Fires, Combustion Science and Technology, 45 (1986), 3-4, pp. 185-198
[3] Chow, W., Studies on Closed Chamber Fires, Journal of Fire Sciences, 13 (1995), 2, pp. 89- 103
[4] Zukoski, E., Development of a Stratified Ceiling Layer in the Early Stages of a Closed Room Fire, Fire and Materials, 2 (1978), 2, pp. 54–62
[5] Nikitin, Y.V., Self-Extinction of Fire in a Closed Compartment, Journal of Fire Science, 17 (1999), 2, pp. 97–102
[6] Beyler, C.L., Analysis of Compartment Fires with Overhead Forced Ventilation, Fire Safety Science, 3 (1991), pp. 291–300
[7] Bailey, J.L., et al., Methanol Pan Fires in an Enclosed Space: Effect of Pressure and Oxygen Concentration, Report No. NRL/MR/6180-93-7310, Naval Research Laboratory, USA, 1993
[8] Zhang, J., et al., Impacts of Elevation on Pool Fire Behavior in a Closed Compartment: A Study Based Upon a Distinct Stratification Phenomenon, Journal of Fire Science, 31 (2013), 2, pp. 173-188
[9] Quintiere, J., Rangwala, A., A Theory for Flame Extinction Based on Flame Temperature, Fire and Materials, 28 (2004), pp. 387
[10] Zhang, J., et al., Smoke filling in closed compartments with elevated fire sources, Fire Safety Journal, 54 (2002), pp. 4-23.
[11] Utiskul, Y., et al., (2005). Compartment Fire Phenomena Under Limited Ventilation. Fire Safety Journal, 40 (2005), 4, pp. 367-390
[12] Zhang, J., et al., On the Self-extinction Time of Pool Fire in Closed Compartments. Procedia Engineering, 62 (2013), pp. 266-274
[13] Chow, W., Zou, G., Numerical Simulation of Pressure Changes in Closed Chamber Fires, Building and Environment, 44 (2009), 6, pp. 1261–1275
[14] Chow, W.K., Zou, G.W., Numerical studies on closed chamber fires, Navel Engineers Journal, 121 (2009), 2, pp.79-89
[15] Hu, J., Experimental Study on Characteristics of Temperature Distribution on Closed Cabin, Master Thesis, University of Science and Technology of China, Heifei, China, 2010
[16] Tofilo, P., et al., Effect of Fuel Sootiness on the Heat Fluxes to the Walls in Enclosure Fires, Fire Safety Science, 8 (2005), pp. 987-998
[17] Lee, Y.P., et al., Heat Fluxes and Flame Heights in Facades from Fires in Enclosures of Varying Geometry, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 31 (2007), pp. 2521–2528
[18] Ohlemiller, T., et al., Effect of Ignition Conditions on Upward Flame Spread on a Composite Material in a Corner Configuration, Fire Safety Journal, 31 (1998), pp. 331-344
[19] Lattimer, B.Y., Sorathia, U., Thermal Characteristics of Fires in a Combustible Corner, Fire Safety Journal, 38 (2003), pp. 747–770
[20] Xu, Q., et al., Total Heat Flux on the Wall: Bench Scale Wood Crib Fires Tests, Thermal Science, 14 (2010), pp. 283-290