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Thermal efficiency of buildings requires a perfect knowledge of the thermal properties of materials which compose building envelope. To this end, the use of reliable testing methods for thermal diffusivity measurements of buildings materi- als is fundamental. Currently, periodic methods are based on the exploitation of fundamental harmonic, resulting from Fourier series decomposition. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that fundamental is necessary and sufficient in or- der to characterize the thermal diffusivity. For those purposes, a sensitive analysis of harmonic contributions from Fourier series is supported by a substantial ex- perimental campaign. Moreover, some dissymmetrical tests were carried out in order to highlight the preponderant influence of fundamental, compared to other harmonics. The analysis of contributions of harmonics shows that the evolution of thermal diffusivity is very slightly dependent on the number of harmonics. Then, the exploitation of fundamental is necessary and sufficient, and the characteriza- tion test protocol is validated by experimental results and by the comparison with commonly accepted values for these kinds of materials.
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